The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is also called as the Church of the Resurrection to Eastern Orthodox Christians, located in the Old city of Jerusalem, far famed as the Christians holiest site and has been an significant pilgrimage since the 4th century. A monumental landmark respected as the Golgotha or Calvary wherein Christ was crucified and the tomb where he is buried.
The church was built by the Roman Emperor Constantine, after his mother, Queen Helena. Persians destroyed the church in 614 A.D. and was restored thereafter, but was destroyed again by the Egyptian caliph al-Hakim and had the tomb hacked down to ruins. The crusaders rebuilt the church and today serves as the headquarters of the Eastern Orthodox, Old Oriental, and the Roman Catholic churches.
The entrance of the church is in the west side where pilgrims are gathered before entering the church. Inside the church is a magnificent facade of rock carvings where the traditional place of the cross is set. First century tombs, called the Tomb of Joseph of Arimathea are preserved inside the church, these burial stabs are the evidence that the tomb of Jesus was in this area and most likely the true location of the Christ’s death and burial.
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