Church of the Holy Sepulchre is considered as the Church of the Resurrection to Eastern Orthodox Christians, situated in the Christian quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem, nearly 2,000 feet away from Dome of the Rock and Temple Mount. Considered as one of the most holiest place in the Christian world, it is located on the traditional site of Golgotha or the hill to Calvary wherein Jesus was crucified and buried.
Since 4th century, Church of the Holy Sepulchre has been a significant pilgrimage destination in Jerusalem. Roman Emperor Constantine built the church after Queen Helena, his mother. In 614 A.D. the church was destroyed by the Persians and was restored thereafter, but the Egyptian caliph al-Hakim destroyed it again and hacked down the tombs to ruins. Today, it serves as the home of the Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic churches and Old Oriental after the church was reconstruct by the crusaders.
Greek and Syrian Orthodox, Coptic, Catholics, Armenian, and Ethiopian are the different Christians denominations that are in charged of controlling the church. The church is opened to the public and thousands of visitors all through year round.
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